Think about taking a walk in the park or hiking a mountain: all of the plants around you will be moving in the wind. This is a kind of natural ventilation. However, in an indoor gardening room or tent, we need to recreate natural conditions that won’t be possible without the right equipment and planning. We’ve talked a lot about LED grow lights but we also want to cover the specifics of ventilation in a grow tent.
The role of fans in ventilation
Maintaining proper temperature
Using grow lights can create a lot of heat in a small space like a grow tent (although LEDs create less heat than HPS or MH bulbs!). Sometimes, the inside of a tent can reach above 80 degrees, which can be very harmful to your plants. Further, lights produce both convective and radiant heat so you may find that your tents get a lot hotter than you planned—this is why we also recommend picking up a thermometer when growing in a tent.
Plants are constantly emitting water vapor along with Oxygen and CO2 as byproducts of photosynthesis. Since you are growing in an enclosed space with stagnant air, the built-up moisture can attract pests and encourage mold. Good ventilation can effectively reduce the humidity inside the tent, and a high CFM fan helps control it.
Providing fresh air
This might be the most important role of a fan!. Plants need a lot of carbon dioxide-containing air for photosynthesis, but a confined space obviously adds any extra CO2, so fans solve this problem by bringing in outside air and forcing old air out of the tent.
OK! Now we know why a fan is important for your tent, but how often should we run it? There are a couple of things to consider.
The amount of ventilation
Different sizes of grow tents require different amounts of ventilation. Divide the tent’s volume by 3 to get the desired CFM (cubic feet per minute). If you own a grow tent about 720 cubic feet in size, you need a fan with 240 CFM.
In general, growers estimate the following equipment to add higher CFM requirements to your fan:
Ducting: For each 90° bend in your ducting your CFM requirement will increase by about 40-60%, so try to minimize the number of bends in your ducting.
Carbon Filter: A carbon filter will increase your CFM requirement by about 60%.
Grow Lights: Due to heat output, your CFM requirement will increase by about 50% for LEDs.
Now, with all of this information, we can measure the approximate CFM required for our fan. The equation will be:
(cubic feet of space) x (ducting) x (carbon filter) x (grow lights) = CFM required.
107 x 1.6 x 1.6 x 1.5 = 410CFM
|24” x 24” x 36”
|24” x 24” x 48”
|32” x 32” x 63”
|36” x 20” x 63”
|36” x 36” x 72”
|48” x 48” x 80”
|60” x 60” x 80”
|48” x 48” x 72”
|60” x 60” x 72”
|96” x 48” x 72”
|96” x 48” x 80”
Once the light is on, the best practice is to have your fan running. Luckily, most fans come with some kind of speed controller so you can adjust the CFM according to your needs—how hot your tent is, how much airflow your tent has naturally if you’re using oscillating fans (we’d recommend using them at max speed), and how humid your tent is.
During the night cycle when your light is off, the temperature inside your tent will gradually decrease as the light is no longer producing heat. Yet, you’ll still need your fan to run for a while to help circulate air. If you are using an inline fan, we recommend you begin to reduce the speed of your fan 20 minutes after you have turned off your lights, and, over the next few hours, continue to reduce the fan speed until after about 3 hours, you can turn it off entirely.
For oscillating fans, we recommend that you slow the fan speed down during the night cycle, but keep it on overnight.
Running your fan during different plant growth stages
Seeding stage – How Often Should I Run My Grow Tent Ventilation
When plants are in their seedling stage, they tend to be fragile.
At this time, we recommend you run your fan 24/7 to maintain temperature, humidity, and fresh air inside the tent.
In addition to an inline fan, we also recommend having a gentle oscillating fan in your tent. Do not point the fan directly at the seedlings, they are fragile!
The goal during the seedling stage is to have a very gentle breeze while keeping the air humid enough for your seedlings. If you are doing it right, your seedlings should not really need to be watered, just misted, and you can provide them with a gentle breeze during this early period.
Vegetative stage – How Often Should I Run My Grow Tent Ventilation
At this point in your plants’ growth, they should be strong enough to withstand proper, heavy airflow—this encourages stronger, more resilient plants! Keep your inline fan speed on max so that airflow passes through your plants’ canopies. During the night cycle, try the slow-down technique we outlined in the Light/Dark hours section. During this stage, we still recommend using an oscillating fan.
Flowering stage – How Often Should I Run My Grow Tent Ventilation
The final stage of growth is a little different than the vegetative stage. We recommend you run your inline fan all the time during the day, and turn it off an hour dark after you turn off the lights. This will allow your plants to bloom undisturbed.
In short, ventilation and air circulation are crucial to improving the health of your plants. Your ventilation cycle can vary by plant, but we hope this guide can save you a bit of time when first starting out.
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